Mouth ulcers, also known as canker sores, are small sores that appear on the inside of the mouth, including the tongue, gums, and inner cheeks. They can be painful and make eating and speaking uncomfortable. While the exact cause of mouth ulcers is not known, they are thought to be related to a combination of factors such as stress, injury, and certain foods.
Treatment for mouth ulcers typically involves relieving pain and promoting healing. Over-the-counter pain relievers such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen can help to alleviate pain. Topical creams, gels, or ointments containing a numbing agent, such as lidocaine, can also be applied to the ulcer to help numb the area and reduce pain.
Antibacterial mouthwash can also be used to help prevent infection and promote healing. A mixture of equal parts water and hydrogen peroxide or a mixture of salt and water can be used as a mouthwash to help clean the ulcer and promote healing.
Certain foods and drinks can also worsen the pain and slow healing time of mouth ulcers. It is best to avoid acidic, spicy or hot foods and drinks. Eating soft, bland foods such as yogurt, pudding, and Jell-O can be more comfortable and help to promote healing.
In some cases, a prescription medication may be needed to treat a mouth ulcer. In severe cases or if the ulcer is not healing, a doctor may prescribe a corticosteroid cream or ointment to reduce inflammation. In rare cases, a vitamin or mineral deficiency may be causing the ulcers, and a dietary supplement may be recommended.
Preventing mouth ulcers from occurring in the first place can be difficult, but there are a few things you can do to reduce your risk. These include:
In conclusion, Mouth ulcers can be very painful and uncomfortable, but they are usually not serious and can be treated easily. Over-the-counter pain relievers and topical creams can help to alleviate pain, and avoiding certain foods and drinks can help to promote healing. If you have a severe or persistent mouth ulcer, it is best to consult your doctor for proper diagnosis and treatment.